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Central Canteen of Tsinghua University


    This project has multi-functions as canteens for students and professors, lecture halls and exhibition hall for the campus, offices and service, etc. The design started from 2011, and construction time is from 2013 to 2015. The project site used to be a blind corner in the campus center, with dead end road, chaotic traffic, mixed logistic and service route, unattended courtyard.

    The core design idea is to repair the urban texture in the campus context, to improve the environment quality & the fluency of the site, to make it easy to get in for the public from all directions. Meanwhile, to provide people a dynamic and thriving place to enjoy eating, talking and thinking.

    The section design takes full advantage of the site terrain, creates a three-dimensional indoor street for the public. The entrance floor on the one hand is functional and solid and on the other hand is a kind of cluster of open public space, which makes students possible to access and go across the building in all directions. Sustainable strategies, especially passive design strategies are adopted to make the space more comfortable and reduce the cost and energy consumption in operation. The old trees and landscape terrain in the site are preserved as much as possible.

    Architecture represents the spirits of campus and will be passed down in future. The exterior brickwork could be designed as artwork, just like painting or sculpture, which mixes art and wall together. Bricks are constructed in more than 5 ways, they bring various textures for exterior walls and meet different functional demands.

    The ultimate goal of interior design is to reach a perfect integration of architectural design and building technologies. The space combining the humanistic atmosphere with the natural style is a place for students and professors to rest and communicate.

    The building above ground is divided into two main functions: canteen and student center, which are operated independently. They are connected with a public atrium, which connects public spaces on different stories. On the top of the atrium there are seven egg-shaped skylights, which bring natural daylight to the atrium. Each of the skylights has a small window on the side frame wall above the roof, which could be opened as outlet vent for natural ventilation. The 3-story high atrium works like a stack and with all inlets and outlets open, there is a stack effect to accelerate the natural ventilation and prevent the whole space from being overheated and make the atrium more comfortable in summer. Obviously, it significantly reduces the maintain cost and energy consumption for artificial lighting and air-conditioning in operation phase.

    The depth of the building is more than 40 meters, to improve the daylight and natural ventilation for the public space and offices, a roof garden with side windows is inserted to the 3rd floor. The glass curtain wall with grating, facing south, draw more sunlight to the atrium courtyard. The flat roof windows on the timber floor of the roof garden will bring natural light down to the lecture hall. Among which two raised boxes with side windows are used for low cost chimney to accelerate the natural ventilation for the hall. The roof garden can be used as open cafe or party for the campus.

    The exterior brick wall is also designed with the idea of sustainability. In this project, the brick masonry walls are built not only as enclosure wall, they are also as sun-shading system and ventilation openings. The width of the gaps between bricks could gradually change from 30 mm to 100mm, to satisfy the required aperture ratio.


2019 | First prize of excellent engineering survey and design public building of Ministry of education in 2019
2018 | Word Architecture Festival/Higher Education and Research Completed Buildings Shortlist
2016 | Silver Award for public architecture of Architectural Creation Award of China Architectural Society
2017 | The American Architecture Prize winner in Architectural Design / Mixed Use Architecture